Many studies have demonstrated that Cognitive Therapy (CT) is effective for depression, and twice as effective as medication in preventing relapse among depressed patients. So what’s new in CT for Depression research? A recent initial study shows that Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) may decrease the risk of relapse specifically for depressed patients who are undergoing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). For this study, six patients received 12 weeks of CBT following a course of ECT-only treatment. At follow up, five of the six patients had “much improved” or “very much improved” scores on depression measures, as compared to their measures after ECT treatment. Results indicate that CBT may prolong improvement among depressed patients who have received ECT.